Development and Validation of the Five-Factor LAMBI Measure of God Representations

Johnson, Kathryn A., Okun, Morris A., Cohen, Adam B., Sharp, Carissa A. and Hook, Joshua N. (2018) Development and Validation of the Five-Factor LAMBI Measure of God Representations. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 11 (4). pp. 339-349. ISSN 1941-1022

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God representations are complex and there is no standard, relatively short, and easy to administer measure reflecting both anthropomorphic and abstract representations of God. We developed a new measure with five dimensions: Limitless, Authoritarian, Mystical, Benevolent, and Ineffable (the LAMBI scale). In Study 1, we used exploratory factor analysis to examine the factor structure of a preliminary list of 41 common adjectives that people might use to describe God. In Study 2, we identified the 25 best-fitting items, using confirmatory factor analysis to show that a five-factor model fit well, and began to validate the new scale using measures of religious commitment, individualistic spirituality, and Quest. In Study 3, we found the scale has good test-retest reliability. In Study 4, we examined the contribution of the LAMBI scales in predicting conservatism, values, and beliefs, above and beyond two existing measures of God representations. In Study 5, we used latent profile analysis to identify four response patterns across the five dimensions: Relational, Abstract, Unbelief, and Amorphous (no differences across the five dimensions) and show little relation between these profiles and religious group membership. We conclude that the LAMBI scale assesses important individual differences in thinking about God and can potentially be used to predict beliefs and social attitudes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at:
Divisions: Research Centres > Centre for Science, Knowledge and Belief in Society
Depositing User: Jane Faux
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 11:11

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